Limult Cocoa Yam Processing Factory

Colocasia esculenta popularly known as cocoyam is a tropical, perennial crop. It is a starchy tuber crop with three parts namely; corm, stem and leaves, which is grown basically for edible root. It can also be grown as an ornamental plant for the beautification of the environment as well as a medicinal plant.

Cocoyam has its origin from Asia or Southeast Asia as some researchers have found out and it is a known staple crop in most developing countries of Africa. It can also be found in India, USA, Japan as well as Singapore.

Cocoyam can be processed into more stable food so that shelf-life can be extended and to process it into more consumable forms. These include poi (fresh or fermented paste), cocoyam flour, cereal base, chips, sun-dried slices, grits, and drum-dried flakes. Cocoyam can be used industrially in making syrups which can be used in jams, jellies, and soft drinks. Proper processing method to stabilizing corms and cocoyam flours could resolve the problem of food security in cocoyam producing areas. As a result of various potentials of cocoyam, this crop can ameliorate the problems of food insecurity in most developing countries. The industrial application will also help in boosting the economy of most countries. Modern technology can be used in processing cocoyam to meet the international standards, hence facilitate exportation of some of cocoyam products.

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Limult Sweet Potato Processing Factory

Sweet potato is a major root crop utilized widely for diverse food applications. Processing enables the usability of sweet potato in various forms for longer durations. Post-harvest processing of sweet potato involves grading and sorting, cleaning, peeling, drying or secondary processing and storage. Commercial utility of sweet potato is comprised of conventional and composite ingredient-based foods, starch, and industrial products. 

Many parts of the sweet potato plant are edible, including the root, leaves, and shoots.

Sweetpotato vines also provide the basis for a high-protein animal feed.

Sweetpotato use has diversified considerably over the last four decades. With high starch content, it is well suited to processing and has become an important source of raw material for starch and starch-derived industrial products.

Added value for farmers comes from a variety of products and ingredients made from sweetpotato root including flour, dried chips, juice, bread, noodles, candy, and pectin.

New products include liquors and a growing interest in the use of the anthocyanin pigments in the purple varieties for food colorings and use in the cosmetics industry.

Processing and Utilization

Sweet potato roots and other plant parts are used as human food, animal feed, and processing industry. For industrial processing, starch, sugars, and natural colorants are the major inter-mediate products that can be used in both food and non food processing industry. Sweet potato varieties with high levels of dry matter (35–41%), total starch (25–27%), and extractable starch (20–23%) are available for starch processing. There are many small and medium factories. The process for manufacturing sweet potato starch is basically similar to the starch extraction from other sources. The roots are ground in limewater (pH 8.6–9.2) to prevent browning due to polyphenol oxidase, to dissolve pigments, and to flocculate the impurities. The extracted starch is separated from the pulp by thoroughly washing over a series of screens, bleaching with sodium hypochlorite, and then settling by gravity or centrifugation. In small‐scale establishments, starch is stored wet in concrete tanks or sun‐dried to a moisture con-tent of about 12%, pulverized and screened. Centrifugation and mechanical drying, such as flash dryer, are commonly used for medium‐scale factories. Sweet potato starch is used in the production of traditional noodles, vermicelli, thickening agents, or converted into sugar syrups, which are used in many processed food products. The sweet potato starch and sugars are also utilized in the production of fuel alcohol, monosodium glutamate, microbial enzymes, citric acid, lactic acid, and other chemicals.

Limult Plantain Plantation

Plantain farming is undoubtedly one of the most profitable agri-business ventures. Most young entrepreneurs lack the knowledge required to set up a plantain plantation, missing out on the profitability of this business.

Plantain is one of the most common staple foods mostly grown in the tropical regions of Nigeria and West Africa.

In Nigeria, plantain is a special delicacy prepared by frying, boiling, steaming or made into plantain chips. Recently, plantain has been processed into flour which is gradually substituting the use of wheat flour due to its superior nutritional value. Plantain flour is also exported from Nigeria to other countries of the world.


The first step in starting a plantain farm is acquiring a farmland. To be successful in this business any farmland you select should have the right type of soil and located in an area with favorable weather condition for the growth of plantain.

Plantain plants do best in loamy soil, the soil should contain enough organic matter with moderate moisture content. In Nigeria the areas with the highest number of plantain plantation include: Edo, Delta, Cross river, Ekiti, Ogun, and other states in the tropics.

If the land you intend to use for your plantain farm is not rich enough with the right kind of soil, you have an option to develop the land before use. Applying organic manure like chicken manure, cow manure, etc. would improve the fertility of the soil.

While selecting a land to set up your plantain plantation watch out for a land with thick vegetation. Thick vegetation is an indication that a land contains the right soil that is rich enough for the growth of plantain.

Feel free to visit our store at to see more products that we make available for the people. For further inquiries, call us on +2347052446249.

Limult Cowpea Processing Factory

Cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata or Vigna sinensis), also known as blackeye beans or southern peas, are important grain legumes in Africa and other developing countries where they serve as good sources of protein, energy and other nutrients. Despite their potential in upgrading diets of the poor people of the world, there are certain constraints to optimal utilization of cowpeas as food.

Cowpea processing equipment, chickpea processing plant
Cowpea processing equipment is designed for cowpea cleaning, peeling, polishing and milling. Cowpea processing equipment can also process chickpea and other beans. It usually refers to a processing line, which is mainly equipped with new patented machines to ensure the continuous operation. It can individually or synchronously produce cowpea kernels and flour.

The detailed processing steps for the whole bean processing plant are listed as below:
1.Bean cleaning section
2. Bean color sorting section
3. Bean peeling section
4. Grading section
5. Bean kernel making and grits milling section
6. Bean flour milling section
7. Measuring and packaging section

Cowpea processing equipment, chickpea processing plant features:

1. Bean cleaning section: it adopts two screening sections, two destoning sections, one magnetic separation section, and removes the big, small and light impurities, pebbles and magnetic material from the beans to ensure the quality of the end products.
2. Bean color sorting section: it adopts the color sorter to separate the moldy kernels, shriveled beans and foreign species of beans according to the color and luster feature of the beans.
3. Bean peeling section: it adopts peeling, brushing and shunting technology (it can utilize the segregation valve to choose peeling and brushing according to the material character.)
i) Peeling: it can peel the bean bran and separate and collect it by effective aspiration system;
ii) Brushing: it can separate the micro bran and dust which adheres to the material surface.
4. Grading section: it adopts different screens and classify the material into different grades according to the size.
5. Bean kernel making and grits milling section: it adopts the technology of three peeling sections, one grits making section, grading and suspension.
1)Peeling section: it can peel the bean bran and separate and collect it by effective aspiration system and produce whole peeled kernels;
2) Bean grits making section: it uses fine bean grits machine and mill beans into bean grits;
3) Bean kernels and bean grits grading section: it adopts different screens and classifies bean kernels or bean grits into different grades according to the size.
4)Suspension: it separates bean bran by utilizing airflow according to different material gravity.
6. Bean flour milling section: it adopts the technology of burdening, several processes of grinding and screening and grading.
a) Burdening: it can mix different material according to different requirements for different products;
b) Grinding: it can grind or mill the beans into fine bean flour by the professional bean grinder;
c) Screening: it separates the bean flour.
Soy flour and grits enhance the nutrition and texture of products. Available in a variety of granulations, soy flour and grits have multiple uses, including extending the freshness and shelf-life of many foods.
7. Measuring and packaging section: storage can reduce the amount of labor used. Measuring can be artificial or electronic.

We have multiple configurations available to provide optimum performance for your specific cowpea processing needs. Feel free to visit our store at to see more products that we make available for the people. For further inquiries, call us on +2347052446249.

Limult Yam Processing and Production Factory

yam Flour processing line

 Yam Flour is a good choice for gluten-free recipes. Use of this flour is known to create lighter, fluffier products as well. High in carbohydrates, the food also contains some fat and protein. A cholesterol-free ingredient, the flour also contains a small amount of sodium and sugar. Yam flour is powdered starch widely used in food preparation.

advantage of yam Flour   processing line
1. Good performance; high efficiency

2. Stainless steel construction

3. High level machining, equipment manufacturing excellence

4. Good supervision, commissioning and assistance

5. Low maintenance, simple operation

6. Pumps, motors, piping and instrumentation installed on the same integrated frame

7. Closed system, easy to clean and CIP

8. Fully communicate with the user to provide the best engineering design and facility layout

The description of yam flour processing line:

yam cleaning and peeling → yam grinding → screening and filtering → sifting → drying → Fine milling → High quality yam flour packing.  

yam flour production plant introduction : 

     To produce high qualtiy yamflour, The fresh roots must be healthy without rot and well handled from farm. The roots should be processed within 24 hours after harvesting.

    yam washing and peeling: Before peeling , the raw yam will be washed first to remove the sand , mud and other impurity.  Peeling is essential work for making high quality yam flour. After washing ,the yam will peeled by he yam peeling machine.

yam cleaning and peeling machine

Wet milling: The peeled yam will be transport into clean stainless steel yam milling machine to obtain uniformly smooth mash. The yam mash must be uniformly smooth without lumps. The smoothness of the mash determines the quality, yield and market value of the finished yam flour. 

Dewatering: For commerical automatic production, we use the press filter to press the yam mash for removing the water as much as possible.

Cake breaking : After press, the yam mash will be pressed to yam cake. The yam cake will be transport into milling machine for breaking into wet powder form.  

Drying and sieving: The special designed yam flour drying machine will dry the wet yam in few seconds. After drying ,the moisture level of yam flour can meet national regulatory standards. Then the yam flour will be sieved to separate the big particle flour.

yam flour drying machine

Milling: For getting high quality yam flour, the dry big particle casava flour will be mill again by fine flour mill .

Packaging : Pack desired quantities of yam flour in polythene bags, seal or stitch as appropriate. This avoids absorption of moisture of the flour from the environment. 

For more information about yam flour production plant, yam starch production plant, and all other yam processing machine below, please feel free to contact with us on +2347052446249. visit our store at to see more products that we make available for the people.

Limult Sorghum Processing Factory

Sorghum Processing Technology

Processing of sorghum entails applying suitable grain, milling and malting procedures, which will not only maintain nutritional value, but also lead to minimal grain losses with improved marketability of the end products. The process goes through primary processing which involves cleaning, dehulling (decorticating), pounding and milling. Then comes the secondary processing, which involves turning material into food, i.e. cooking, blending, fermentation and roasting. Both traditional and industrial processing methods are employed, which may involve the partial or complete separation and/or modification of the three major constituents of the cereal grain, i.e. the germ, the starch-containing endosperm and the protective pericarp (or Testa). Industrial methods of processing sorghum though not well developed as that of other cereals have had significant impact on the food security of the country. Industrial processing is inmost cases, geared towards production of grit, malt, meal/flour and sometimes germ, with bran and germ-cake as by-product for feeding animals. Two main methods usually employed in sorghum processing are dry-milling and wet-milling.

Cleaning In traditional systems, grain cleaning is achieved by winnowing, while washing in water will remove most dust and stones. In mechanized systems, forced air (aspiration) is used to remove lighter materials, while most stones, dust and other material are removed as the grain passes over a series of screens. Ferrous metal are removed by a permanent magnet placed in the flow path of the grain.

Small Scale Dry milling of Sorghum The production of virtually all sorghum foods first comprise of two major operations: 1)Debranning (dehulling)- removal of the unpalatable, sometimes tannin-rich and highly pigmented bran and the rancidity causing fat-rich germ; 2) Size reduction (grinding)-converting the endosperm into meal or flour. Traditionally in Africa, sorghum milling has been done using a pestle and mortar for dehulling and saddle quern for grinding or size reducing the grain, methods still used in many African communities. Today, mechanized milling is becoming the norm, creating a milling industry and the opportunity for manufacture of more versatile sorghum food products to meet growing world food demands. Probably the most common method of mechanized sorghum milling in Africanis by abrasive debranning (also known as decortication or dehulling), followed by hammer milling of the endosperm material.

Feel free to visit our store at to see more products that we make available for the people. For further inquiries, call us on +2347052446249.

Limult Rice Processing Factory

Rice is the most economically important food crop in many developing countries and has also become a major crop in many developed countries where its consumption has increased considerably. It has become necessary to meet the demand of the world’s current population growth rate, and the least costly means for achieving this aim is to increase rice productivity, wherever possible. The main challenges encountered by rice processors in Nigeria are to find appropriate solutions for quality rice processing. 

In Nigeria, rice consumption has risen tremendously at about 10% per annum due to changing consumer preferences. However, discovered that most Nigerians prefer to consume imported rice brands as compared to local rice varieties. The reason is that most Nigerian rice processors lack adequate technology of rice processing to meet international standard.

Rice processing involves several steps: removal of the husks, milling the shelled rice to remove the bran layer, and an additional whitening step to meet market expectations for appearance of the rice kernels. This process generated several streams of material which include the husks, the bran, and the milled rice kernel. Nigeria has the potential to be self-sufficient in rice production, both for food and industrial raw material needs and for export purpose. However, a number of constraints have been identified as limiting factors to rice production. These include problems with research, pest and disease management. Addressing at least most of these problems is good first step towards attaining the target of rice self-sufficiency.

Feel free to visit our store at to see more products that we make available for the people. For further inquiries, call us on +2347052446

Limult Maize processing Factory

Maize Flour Business Opportunity in Africa

Maize flour and grits milling business presents great business opportunities to entrepreneurs all over the world. It is largely consumed in countries like the United States, then in China, Brazil, and many African countries. With the growing population and more demand for the food, maize flour and grits milling business has a great scope in urban and rural areas. If you are interested in taking full benefit of maize processing industry then you can start your own business with any of these two approaches:

  • The first is to start a flour mill business in which people will bring their grains and you will provide them flour.
  • The second is to set up a maize processing plant where you will buy maize at cheap price and convert it into maize flour and grits, and then sell it in the market.

Africa is the second-largest continent in the world and also has a large population. Maize flour is consumed as a staple food in many African countries (Uganda, Malawi, Kenya, Nigeria, etc.) due to which it has a high demand in Africa. Corn grit is also used in the production of processed foods, cereals, snacks, beverages, bakery blends, bread, etc. because of the large consumption of maize flour and grit, their government has also announced to offer loans to maize crop growers so that they can promote its production.

If you are planning to invest in this business in Africa or any other country then make sure that you first design a proper business plan including suitable strategies so that you do not face any failure in it. Maize flour milling machines will also play their role in determining the success of this business. So, make sure you know what makes a maize flour milling machine worth buying and what you should avoid in it.

Maize flour is also used to make traditional food in many African countries due to which it sells there a lot. All these facts prove that starting this business in Africa can bring lots of success to anyone who invests in this business the right way. Demand for maize flour and grit is expected to rise by many folds in the coming years due to which this business has become a great chance for entrepreneurs to invest in it today and earn a lot of revenue tomorrow.

Feel free to visit our store at to see more products that we make available for the people. For further inquiries, call us on +2347052446249.

Limult Cassava Processing Factory

Building, structure and condition of plant

  • The building to house cassava products may be constructed from concrete or bricks and should provide adequate protection against insects and rodents.
  • The building should contain a processing hall, an office, a changing room, toilet, ware- housing, and a free lobby.
  • For a medium-scale plant, the factory walls could be built to the window level and completed with expanded metal covered with wire mesh to cut down on costs.
  • Fixed surfaces of the infrastructure, such as washing troughs and steeping tanks, that come into contact with the processing materials, should have easy-to-clean internal surfaces and be inert to cassava products.
  • The surface of walls, partitions, and floors should be made of impervious materials with no toxic effect in intended use and have a smooth surface up to a height appropriate to the operation.
  • The floor should be constructed with concrete or terrazzo (if affordable), have adequate surface drainage and be easy to sweep and wash.
  • Ceilings and overhead fixtures should be constructed and finished to minimize the build up of dirt and condensation, and the shredding of particles
  • Windows should be easy to clean, and fitted with removable and cleanable insect-proof screens.
  • Doors should be smooth, non absorbent, and easy to clean and disinfect.
  • Adequate means of natural or mechanical ventilation should be provided to minimize airborne contamination, control ambient temperature, odors, and humidity.
  • Lighting fixtures should, where appropriate, be protected to ensure that food is not contaminated by breakages.
  • An adequate supply of potable water with appropriate facilities for its storage and distribution, should be available, whenever necessary, to ensure the safety and suitability of food.

Process control

Equipment must be designed to dry, fry, cool or store food to achieve the required food temperature as rapidly as necessary in the interests of food safety and suitability, and to maintain them effectively.

Equipment is designed to allow temperatures to be monitored and controlled. Where necessary, equipment should have effective means of controlling and monitoring humidity, airflow, and other characteristics likely to have a detrimental effect on the safety and suitability of food.

These requirements will ensure that:

  • Harmful (cyanide or butanoic acid) or undesirable micro-organisms or their toxins (mycotoxins), are eliminated or reduced to safe levels or their survival and growth are effectively controlled.
  • Where appropriate, critical limits established in plans based on Hazards Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) can be monitored.
  • Temperatures and other conditions necessary to food safety and suitability can be rapidly achieved and maintained.

Facilities for personnel and personal hygiene
Facilities should be available to ensure that an appropriate degree of personal hygiene can be maintained and to avoid contaminating food. Where appropriate, the facilities should include:

  • Adequate means of hygienically washing and drying hands, including wash basins, and a supply of hot and cold water.
  • Lavatories of an appropriate hygienic design.
  • Adequate changing facilities for personnel.

Such facilities should be suitably located and designated. Facilities for cleaning such as hoses should be provided for cleaning the washing trough, hydraulic press, hammer mill, dryer, steeping tanks, other equipment, and the floor. Taps should be installed at the tops of the washing trough and steeping tanks. Also outlets such as stoppers for easy draining at the top and base of each facility should be installed.

People who come directly or indirectly into contact with food will not be likely to contaminate food by:

  • Maintaining an appropriate degree of personal cleanliness.
  • Behaving and operating in an appropriate manner.
    Note: Workers who are ill, and especially if suffering from diarrhoea or skin infections, should not under any circumstances be allowed to handle food.

Visitors to the food manufacturing, processing, or handling areas should, where appropriate, wear protective clothing and follow the other personal hygiene provisions in this section.

A changing room should be provided for staff to change into factory coats.The use of factory coats will minimize the introduction of undesirable micro-organisms from soil and dust carried on the clothing of staff when they report to work.

Drainage and waste disposal

Adequate drainage and waste disposal systems and facilities should be provided. They should be designed and constructed to avoid any risk of contaminating food or the potable water supply.
Storage facilities

Adequate facilities should be provided for the storage of food, ingredients and non food chemicals (e.g, cleaning materials, lubricants, fuels).Where appropriate, food storage facilities should be designed and constructed to:

  • Permit adequate maintenance and cleaning.
  • Avoid pests and harbourage.
  • Enable food to be effectively protected from contamination during storage.

Where necessary, provide an environment which minimizes the deterioration of food (e.g. by temperature and humidity control).

Feel free to visit our store at to see more products that we make available for the people. For further inquiries, call us on +2347052446249.